Section A of the LNAT is made up of multiple choice questions. It ‘s basically a comprehension test with 12 passages.
Each passage has three or four associated multiple choice questions, and there are 42 questions in total.
The LNAT multiple choice section has a 95-minute time limit.
Contrary to what you might think, the exam isn’t focused on seeing how fast you can answer the questions given, it’s designed to give those taking it enough time to reflect on the possibilities surrounding them.
In case you were wondering, for the next part of the exam: section B, you get 40 minutes to write your essay.
LNAT multiple choice questions are not uniform in their styles and the answers are rarely obvious. The questions can take on different forms and test different general skills, so you must ensure you’re familiar with the different types before taking the test.
Argument and analysis-style questions are ones which go straight to the overarching argument of the passage you have been given. For example, you may be asked to ascertain “the main reason” the author gave for their argument in the passage.
This implies there was more than one reason given and you must accurately decipher which one was the most significant.
Another way these questions could be asked is by asking “which of five propositions is correct?” The important thing to remember when answering these questions is that often all five given answers are correct. In these cases, you must use your skills of judgement, induction and deduction to conclude which proposition or reason is most correct in the context of the passage.
Often one of the best strategies for these questions is to use a process of elimination, this will allow you to swiftly eliminate the wrong answers and progress to the right one. Closely reading the passage will help you do this as the right answer will always stem from there.
Literary style LNAT questions are ones which ask about the words used in the passage and how to interpret their meanings. Example questions would be “What is the closest definition to the word ‘x’?” or “What is the most appropriate synonym to replace the word ‘x’ in this context?”
The best way to answer these questions is to again, use the text. It is more important than anything else when faced with these questions to put your own knowledge to the side. This is because your opinion on how something is defined may not be reflected in meaning expressed in the passage.
Again, it is a good idea to employ a process of elimination here to ensure you pick the answer which is most correct in the context given.
The LNAT website suggests you prepare by reading quality newspapers and thinking about the content from a critical perspective.
This will give you the upper hand when tackling the questions. We also have some great advice for you below, so read on if you want to nail part A of the LNAT!
The LNAT multiple choice questions aim to identify whether applicants have the necessary verbal reasoning and logical skills needed to study law.
While these skills are inherent to some, getting familiar with the types of questions that will come up in the LNAT is key to succeeding in the exam.
There will be a lot of reading in between the lines involved, and you’ll be required to think creatively in order to answer the questions.
Below are our top LNAT multiple choice questions tips to help you do this.
Using logical inference means restricting yourself to what is stated in the passage.
While staying up to date on current legal cases will give you the upper hand in the essay part of the exam, in the LNAT multiple choice questions section, you must only use the information provided in the passages to answer the questions.
If you know that the information in the passage is fictional, behave as if everything stated is true. Outside knowledge should not sway you in any way.
We suggest that you do not read the entire passage before tackling the questions.
A better tactic is to go straight to the first question and pick out the keywords. These are words in the passage or answer options that stand out and are specific to the question.
Once you have identified the keywords, read the text with them in mind and cross-reference against the question and answer options.
This is a method called targeted reading and it will help you get to the correct answer in the most efficient way.
If you’re still unsure after identifying the keywords, you can use the good old fashioned process of elimination method to find the correct answers. Follow the below guidelines and increase your chances of success.
A common trick in verbal reasoning tests like the LNAT is for the writers of the exam to place two ideas in close proximity and try to make you assume a link between them.
For example, an LNAT sample question might include the following sentence:
|"Mark Zuckerberg is a world class developer. His tech company, Facebook, is now worth many billions of dollars."|
Then it may ask why Facebook’s valuation is in the billions of dollars. One option for an answer might be “Mark Zuckerberg’s world-class developing skills,” and this would be incorrect.
We simply know that Zuckerberg had these skills and that Facebook is worth billions of dollars. We don’t necessarily know that these are linked.
However, the positioning of the two facts is such that you are almost tricked into thinking that they are – don’t fall for it!
It’s important to note that causation and consequence can only be established when there is a bridging phrase, like ‘because of’, ‘due to’ or ‘as a result of’.
Had the passage said the following, then causation would have been clear:
|"Mark Zuckerberg is a world class developer. And his tech company, Facebook, is now worth many billions of dollars because of this."|
So in these situations, always look for the bridging phrases.
All LNAT questions are equal in terms of marks, but some are harder than others.
Since each question is worth one mark, you don’t want to get stuck on one really hard question and miss out on lots of much easier marks later on in the test.
If a question is really bugging you and you just can’t work it out, discount clearly wrong answers as stated above. You should be able to get down to two options in most cases.
Once you’re down to two answers and you really can’t pick, the best thing to do is just guess the answer! You can flag it for review and go back to it at the end of the test if you have time.
Remember, there’s no negative marking in the LNAT, so there’s no reason to leave any question blank.
And since the time constraints aren’t too harsh, you may well have time to revisit the question later.
The LNAT passages can be challenging, so it’s important you know how to read and understand them properly.
As a prospective law student, you will have no doubt already read complex writings and have an extensive and ever-growing vocabulary, so this shouldn’t be too difficult.
You will need to develop your attention to detail, analysis and a learn a type of close-reading which is a new skill to many.
Read on for a detailed step by step guide on how to read the LNAT passages.
I once asked an old friend, through a thick haze of smoke, what he liked most about a cigarette, to which he replied, “It frames a moment.” In the age of the smartphone, we have developed a more literal way of framing moments: a digital record is made, always with the possibility of being shared.
The selfie is the more infamous manifestation of this, putting the taker’s narcissism on full public display. Yet this is simply a more brazen version of the banal tweet or status update about one’s whereabouts or activity.
In the aftermath of smoking, the smartphone has become our handy “moment-framing” tool of choice, even more so than the coffee cup.
As with the cigarette, the smartphone feels most needed at precisely those moments when routine is most lacking, like when we’re between other places or waiting for someone to arrive.
The strange need to inform one’s friends and followers that one is presently in an airport (tweets such as “JFK>LHR”) speaks of a latent desire for framing that might once have been sated by a cigarette. It’s not as if air travel is remotely exotic or exciting any longer, but more that it creates a sense of “between-ness” that prompts the urge for an anchor.
In a superficial sense, the smartphone is quite a good cigarette replacement, and certainly a less carcinogenic one. It offers us something to do with our hands, and a way of feeling legitimately alone in public spaces like cafes.
It fits into the pocket. For some people, it’s the first personal item that they reach for after a meal or after sex, just like a cigarette (the challenge with smart phones is to resist looking at them during these activities). Adults need objects that travel around with them, confirming their identities from place to place, not unlike children.
If I can no longer smoke a ‘fag’ (as we like to say in Britain) as I gaze at the sun setting over a harbour, I can at least snap the moment on my phone, with or without a selfie stick.
William Davis, What have we lost in the shift from cigarettes to smartphones? (March 2015)
The first reading of the LNAT passage should be a quick skim. You read to find out what the passage you’re dealing with is generally about, or the gist of the argument.
In doing this, even if you don’t read the question first, you can figure out the possibilities during your reading.
For example, you could argue that the above passage suggests that the smart phone has taken over as a boredom filler from smoking a cigarette.
This gist reading might give you the main argument of the passage (which could be a question) or it might not, that’s why reading it a second time, and with more analytical purpose, is important.
The second reading is about picking out the author’s main propositions. In the above passage, the author gives four propositions.
You should read the first question and then pinpoint which part/s of the passage you need to re-read closely in order to deduce the answer.
The first question connected to this passage is:
What comparison does Davis not make between cigarettes and smartphones?
After you’ve answered the question, read the passage once more so that when you’re going over your response, you can be sure you have chosen the correct one.
This final read should leave you absolutely sure of your responses.
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